Sudan, additionally referred to as North Sudan after the independence of South Sudan, is a sovereign country situated in Northern Africa. It is Africa’s third-largest country and borders Egypt, Central African Republic, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Chad, Libya and the Red Sea. The country had an estimated populace of approximately 41,529,370 people in 2017, and its capital city is Khartoum. The president is the head of state and the legislative arm of government is made up of two houses, the upper house and lower house. Before parting with South Sudan, Sudan was the most prominent country in Africa. It has an extensive stretch coastline of 853 km, and protected land makes up 2.3% of the country’s all out area. The name Sudan is an Arabic term meaning “place where there is the black.” The country has two authority languages, Arabic and English, and the prevailing religion is Islam.
The current flag of Sudan was adopted on May 20, 1970. The flag’s design is based on the Arab Liberation Flag which is shared by Egypt, Iraq, Syria, and Yemen. Sudan’s flag comprises of equal, even red, white, and black stripes with a green triangle at the lift. This flag is composed of the Pan-Arab tones. Verifiably, these tones have been associated with both the Arab people and the religion of Islam for quite a long time. These shadings represent Arab solidarity and independence, and such, each shading in Sudan’s flag is representative of Sudan’s culture and people. The red symbolizes Sudan’s struggle for independence. The red can likewise represent the carnage by saints. The white is symbolic of peace, positive thinking, and light. The white can likewise be representative of the 1924 nationalist gathering in Sudan called the White Flag League. This gathering was composed of Sudanese military leaders that made a solid push toward Sudan’s independence. “Sudan” in Arabic means black, thus it follows, black is represented on the flag. Black additionally represents the black flag nationalists flew during the Mahdist Revolution in the late nineteenth century to oppose pilgrim rule. One of the revolt’s caliphs, Abdallahi ibn Muhammad, was given a black flag to revitalize recruits to the revolt’s cause. Generally, green represents Islam and agriculture in Sudan.
Between 1899 and 1956, Sudan was governed together by Egypt and the United Kingdom and was known as Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. During this time period, Sudan didn’t have its own flag, however was represented by both the flag of Egypt and the United Kingdom. The two flags were flown together, yet the United Kingdom’s flag consistently outweighed everything else. Following Sudan’s independence in 1956, the people adopted a new tricolor flag of blue, yellow, and green in equal, level stripes. The blue represented the Nile River, yellow was symbolic of Sudan’s deserts, and green represented Sudan’s farmland. The military overthrow of Gaafar Nimeiry in 1969 achieved a change in flags. The current design, officially implemented in 1970, was the winner of a national contest to design Sudan’s new flag and has been being used ever since.
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